HP2020/CDC - Social determinants of health are conditions in the environments in which people are born, live, learn, work, play, worship, and age that affect a wide range of health, functioning, and quality-of-life outcomes and risks.
Conditions (e.g., social, economic, and physical) in these various environments and settings (e.g., school, church, workplace, and neighborhood) have been referred to as “place.” In addition to the more material attributes of “place,” the patterns of social engagement and sense of security and well-being are also affected by where people live.
WHO - The social determinants of health are the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age. These circumstances are shaped by the distribution of money, power and resources at global, national and local levels. The social determinants of health are mostly responsible for health inequities - the unfair and avoidable differences in health status seen within and between countries.
Research shows that health outcomes are driven by an array of factors, including underlying genetics, health behaviors, social and environmental factors, and primary health care. While there is currently no consensus in the research on the magnitude of the relative contributions of each of these factors to health, studies suggest that health behaviors, such as smoking, diet, and exercise, and social and economic factors are the primary drivers of health outcomes, and social and economic factors can shape individuals’ healthy behaviors.
- Community Health Profiles
- Demographic Analysis
- Economic Development
- Education Analysis
- Housing Planning and Reform
- Public Health Program Assessment and Planning
- Food Security Planning
- Environmental Hazardous Waste Site Planning
- Social Services Development