- Historical (multigenerational trauma) is trauma experienced by a specific cultural group.
- Refers to the cumulative emotional and psychological wounding of an individual or generation caused by a traumatic experience or event.
- Researchers have found that racial and ethnic discrimination can negatively affect health across lifetimes and generations.
- The impact of race on health stems largely from differences in access to resources and opportunities that can hurt or enhance health.
American Indian Historical Trauma
- Have been exposed to generations of violence, though colonization, broken treaties, removal, reservations, land loss, assimilation, displacement, racism and anti-Indian policies.
- Example of Stressor: The Americanization of Indian Boarding Schools and the forced assimilation among Indian students.
- Current Manifestations:
- “High rates” of:
- Domestic Violence,
- Child Abuse,
- Alcoholism and other social problems
- Culturally Appropriate Public Health Interventions
- Community Based Participatory Research